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Array Functions

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Count

count(array $value):int
Counts all elements in given array and returns a number (integer).
  count(["one", "two", "three"]) => 3
  count([1, 2]) => 2
  count([0]) => 1
  count([]) => 0


Get Item By Index

getItemByIndex(array $value, integer $index):mixed
Searches an array for given index and returns the array item found at the index specified. Array indexes start at 0 - zero index represents the first item in an array.

Throws exception if array does not contain an item at specified index.

  getItemByIndex(["one", "two", "three"], 0) => "one"
  getItemByIndex([1, 2], 1) => 2
  getItemByIndex([0], 1) => throws Exception (array does not have an item at index 1)


Remove Item By Index

removeItemByIndex(array $value, integer $index):array
Searches an array for given index and removes value or object at the specified index. Array indexes start at 0 - zero index represents the first item in an array. Will reindex the array afterwards.

Throws exception if array does not contain an item at specified index.

  removeItemByIndex(["one", "two", "three"], 0) => ["two", "three"]
  removeItemByIndex([1, 2], 1) => [2]
  removeItemByIndex([0], 1) => throws Exception (array does not have an item at index 1)


Implode (Join)

implode( array $value, string $glue):string
Joins all elements of an array. Returns a string containing a representation of all the array elements in the same order, with the glue string between each element.
  implode(["one", "two", "three"], " ") => "one two three"
  implode([1, 2, 3], ", ") => "1, 2, 3"
  implode([1, 2, 3]) => "123"


Array Filter

arr_filter(array $collection, array $conditions):array
Searches input $collection (array of objects) for items matching $conditions. Returns a new collection with records matching those $conditions.

$condition.field: the name of the object field (ie. 'id', or 'order_id'). Nested objects use dot notation (ie. 'address.street_address' would refer to a 'street_address' field in nested object 'address' in each object in collection).

$condition.value: the value being searched for. Separate multiple search values by comma.

For a $collection of person objects where each person has an 'id', a condition where $condition.field = 'id' and $condition.value = '1,2', this function will return a new array containing all persons where 'id' is either '1' or '2'. For the same $collection of persons, a condition where $condition.field = 'contact.email' and $condition.value = 'john-at-email-dot-com', this function will return a new array containing all persons where contact email address is 'john-at-email-dot-com'.

Returns an empty array [ ] if no matching items are found.

  Given the following $collection:

  [
    {"id": 1, "name": "John", "contact": {"email": "john@email.com"}},
    {"id": 2, "name": "Mary", "contact": {"email": "mary@email.com"}},
    {"id": 3, "name": "Flynn", "contact": {"email": "flynn@email.com"}},
    {"id": 4, "name": "Brad", "contact": {"email": "brad@email.com"}}
  ]

  //Find one by 'id' where id equals 2
  $condition = [{$field = "id", $value = "2"}]
  arr_filter($collection, $conditions) => [{"id": 2, "name": "Mary", "contact": {"email": "mary@email.com"}}}]

  //Find one by 'id' where id equals 10 ($field = "id", $value = "10")
  $conditions = [{$field = "id", $value = "10"}]
  arr_filter($collection, $conditions) => [] //no item where id=10 exists - returns empty array

  //Find one by contact email where email equals "brad@email.com"
  $conditions = [{$field = "contact.email", $value = "brad@email.com"}]
  arr_filter($collection, $conditions) => [{"id": 4, "name": "Brad", "contact": {"email": "brad@email.com"}}]

  //Find any by 'id' where id equals 2 or 4
  $conditions = [{$field = "id", $value = "2,4"}]
  arr_filter($collection, $conditions) => [{"id": 2, "name": "Mary", "contact": {"email": "mary@email.com"}},{"id": 4, "name": "Brad", "contact": {"email": "brad@email.com"}}]

  //Find all where name is Flynn or id is 1 (two conditions required)
  $conditions = [{$field = "name", $value = "Flynn"}, {$field = "id", $value = "1"}]
  arr_filter($collection, $conditions) => [{"id": 1, "name": "John", "contact": {"email": "john@email.com"}},{"id": 3, "name": "Flynn", "contact": {"email": "flynn@email.com"}}]

Array Map

arr_map(array $collection, string $field):array
Searches input $collection (array of objects) for values matching the provided $field. Returns a new collection of values matching that $field.

$field: the name of the object field (ie. 'id', or 'order_id').

For a $collection of person objects where each person has a 'name' and a field where $field = 'name' this function will return a new array containing all persons names.

Returns an empty array [ ] if no matching items are found.

  Given the following $collection:

  [
    {"id": 1, "name": "John", "contact": {"email": "john@email.com"}},
    {"id": 2, "name": "Mary", "contact": {"email": "mary@email.com"}},
    {"id": 3, "name": "Flynn", "contact": {"email": "flynn@email.com"}},
    {"id": 4, "name": "Brad", "contact": {"email": "brad@email.com"}}
  ]

  //Find all values where field equals name
  $field = "name"
  arr_map($collection, $field) => ["John", "Mary", "Flynn", "Brad"]

  //Find all values where field equals id
  $field = "id"
  arr_map($collection, $field) => [1, 2, 3, 4]

  //Find all values where field equals contact
  $field = "contact"
  arr_map($collection, $field) => [{"email": "john@email.com"}, {"email": "mary@email.com"}, {"email": "flynn@email.com"}, {"email": "brad@email.com"}]

Array Reduce

arr_reduce(string $type, string $method, string $field, array $collection):mixed
Iterates over elements of a $collection, reducing the array to a single value/object using a predetermined $method.

$type: the type of array (ie. 'simple', or 'object').

$method: the method to reduce the array (ie. 'max', or 'min').

$field: the name of the field if object type is used (ie. 'id', or 'order_id').

  Given the following $collection:

  [
    {"id": 1, "name": "John", "contact": {"email": "john@email.com"}},
    {"id": 2, "name": "Mary", "contact": {"email": "mary@email.com"}},
    {"id": 3, "name": "Flynn", "contact": {"email": "flynn@email.com"}},
    {"id": 4, "name": "Brad", "contact": {"email": "brad@email.com"}}
  ]

  //Reduce the array using the max method on an array of objects
  arr_reduce('object', 'max' 'id', $collection) => {"id": 4, "name": "Brad", "contact": {"email": "brad@email.com"}}

  Given the following $collection:

  [54, 4, 19, 5, 16, 6]

  //Reduce the array using the min method on a simple array
  arr_reduce('simple', 'min' null, $collection) => 4